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PCAT Biologicial Processes – Genetic Information

  • by Sam
  • Feb 19, 2018
  • PCAT Question of the Day

Which term describes exchange of viral and/or bacterial genetic information from one cell to another via a viral bacteriophage vector?

A) transformation

B) translocation

C) transduction

D) transcription

Click for Explanation

Exchange of viral and/or bacterial genetic information from one cell to another via a viral bacteriophage vector defines transduction.

A) transformation, incorrect, Transformation describes a bacterium acquiring new genetic material from the surrounding environment through the cell membrane.

B) translocation, incorrect, Translocation refers to movement of genetic information to a different chromosomal location on a nonhomologous chromosome.

C) transduction, correct.

D) transcription, incorrect, Transcription describes creation of mRNA from a DNA template.

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