MCAT Organic Chemistry Question — IUPAC
- May 02, 2018
- MCAT Question of the Day
Click for Explanation
A. Diisopropylamine, correct.
B. Diisobutylamine, incorrect, The two substituent groups have 3 carbons each, isobutyl groups have four carbons, -CH2-CH-(CH3)2.
C. Di-tert-propylamine, incorrect, There is no such thing as a tert-propyl group; the tert-butyl group requires 4 carbons.
D. N,N-dimethylethylamine, incorrect, The IUPAC name is generated by 1) identifying the longest carbon chain (propane), 2) identifying the highest priority functional group (amine on carbon 2 of the parent propane chain, i.e. 2-amine), identify side chains (N-Isopropyl), and put it together: N-Isopropylpropan-2-amine. The structure of N,N-dimethylethylamine is [(CH3)3]N. The ethane parent carbon chain in choice d) reveals this answer to be incorrect; the parent carbon chain in the question stem is a propane chain with three carbons.
Want more MCAT practice?
We’ve got options for every schedule and learning style!
From the best online MCAT course created by top instructors with 524+ MCAT scores to the most representative full-length practice exams and private tutoring, we can custom tailor your MCAT prep to your goals!
Not sure which option is right for you? Schedule a free MCAT consultation with an MCAT expert using the form below. No obligation, just expert advice.
Search the Blog
Free ConsultationSchedule Now
MCAT Blog How to Review MCAT Full-Lengths
Free MCAT Practice AccountNeed great MCAT practice?
Get the most representative MCAT practice possible when you sign up for our free MCAT Account, which includes a half-length diagnostic exam and one of our full-length MCAT practice exams.Learn More