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Reading Comprehension – Piracy

“Since the early 1990s, rampant piracy off the coast of Somalia has become a major issue for global trade and security, prompting strong responses from the international community. In 2010 alone, the collective cost of ransom money, military protection and cargo insurance as a result of piracy is estimated to have been between 7 and 12 billion dollars. This number doesn’t include the collective loss of trade revenue from nearby countries such as Egypt, Kenya, Yemen and Nigeria, estimated to be at least $1.25 billion annually.

But despite the attempted military intervention of the United Nations, EU and NATO, piracy in Somalia continues to grow. Due to the country’s lack of a central government, no internal authority stands in its way. In fact, piracy along Somalia’s large coastline has gained support from local authorities, most notably Al-Shabaab, an Islamist insurgent group with ties to Al-Qaeda that continues to wage civil war with the internationally recognized Transitional Federal Government for control of Somalia.

The profit of piracy, estimated at just under $300 million in 2010, sustains its growth and internal support. Ports and towns along the Gulf of Aden have benefited enormously from pirate activity, making it a significant part of Somalia’s informal economy. Haradheere, a small port town on Somalia’ East coast, even has a twenty-four-hour stock exchange – members of the community contribute weapons, funding, and soldiers, and receive a portion of the ransom money in return.” Source: Inquiriesjournal.com

Which of the following most accurately states the main point of the passage?

A. Due entirely to Somalia’s lack of a central government, no internal authority stands in the way of piracy.
B. Piracy in Somalia continues to grow, not from lack of internal authority but also from support from local authorities and members of the community.
C. Rampant piracy off the coast of Somalia has become a major issue for global trade and security, prompting strong responses from the international community.
D. The profit of piracy, estimated at just under $300 million in 2010, sustains its growth and internal support in Somalia.
E. Haradheere, a small port town on Somalia’ East coast, has a twenty-four-hour stock exchange: which is the main means of support for piracy from the community.

Answer

CORRECT ANSWER = (B)- The point of the passage is that no matter the external military interventions, (be it from United Nations, EU or NATO) piracy in Somalia continues to grow due to a lack of internal forces as well as support from the local authorities.

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