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Flaw Practice – Passing the Bar

Identify the flaw in the argument: “In order to be a good lawyer, it is essential to pass the bar. Since Michael passed the bar, he must be a good lawyer.”


This is the fallacy of the converse.  Anytime you get a conditional statement, it’s important to make sure that the author of the argument uses the conditional statement correctly.  Here, the author uses it backwards.  Just because Michael has satisfied one requirement for being a good lawyer does not mean that he will definitely become one.  After all, there may be tons of other requirements beyond just passing the bar.

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